EDP Sciences logo
Open Access
Ann Toxicol Anal
Volume 22, Numéro 4, 2010
Page(s) 165 - 172
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/ata/2010025
Publié en ligne 7 décembre 2010
  1. Richelmi P, Baldi C. Blood levels of hexavalent chromium in rats. “In vitro” and “in vivo” experiments. Int J Environ Anal Chem. 1984; 17(3-4): 181-186. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  2. Kerger BD, Finley BL, Corbett GE, Dodge DG, Paustenbach DJ. Ingestion of chromium (VI) in drinking water by human volunteers: absorption, distribution, and excretion of single and repeated doses. J Toxicol Environ Health. 1997; 50(1): 67-95. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  3. Corbett GE, Finley BL, Paustenbach DJ, Kerger BD. Systemic uptake of chromium in human volunteers following dermal contact with hexavalent chromium (22 mg/L). J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol. 1997; 7(2): 179-189. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  4. De Flora S, Iltcheva M, Balansky RM. Oral chromium (VI) does not affect the frequency of micronuclei in hematopoietic cells of adult mice and of transplacentally exposed fetuses. Mutat Res. 2006; 610(1-2): 38-47. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  5. Antonini JM, Stone S, Roberts JR, Chen B, Schwegler-Berry D, Afshari AA, Frazer DG. Effect of short-term stainless steel welding fume inhalation exposure on lung inflammation, injury, and defense responses in rats. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2007; 223(3): 234-245. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  6. O’Flaherty EJ, Kerger BD, Hayes SM, Paustenbach DJ. A physiologically based model for the ingestion of chromium (III) and chromium (VI) by humans. Toxicol Sci. 2001; 60(2): 196-213. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  7. Cavalleri A, Minoia C. Serum and erythrocyte chromium distribution and urinary elimination in persons occupationally exposed to chromium (VI) and chromium (III). G Ital Med Lav. 1985; 7(1): 35-38. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  8. Valko M, Rhodes CJ, Moncol J, Izakovic M, Mazur M. Free radicals, metals and antioxidants in oxidative stress-induced cancer. Chem Biol Interact. 2006; 160(1): 1-40. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  9. Costa M, Zhitkovich A, Toniolo P, Taioli E, Popov T, Lukanova A. Monitoring human lymphocytic DNA-protein cross-links as biomarkers of biologically active doses of chromate. Environ Health Perspect. 1996; 104(5): 917-919. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  10. Standeven AM, Watterhahn KE. Ascorbate is the principal reductant of chromium (VI) in rat lung ultrafiltrats and cytosols, and mediates chromium-DNA binding in vitro. Carcinogenesis. 1992; 13(8): 1319-1324. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  11. Manerikar RS, Apte AA, Ghole VS. In vitro and in vivo genotoxicity assessment of Cr (VI) using comet assay in earthworm coelomocytes. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2008; 25(1): 63-68. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  12. Bainy ACD, Saito E, Carvalho PSM, Junqueira VBC. Oxidative stress in gill, erythrocytes, liver and kidney of Nile Tilapia (orechromis niloticus) from a polluted site. Aquat Toxicol. 1996; 34(2): 151-162. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  13. Vasant C, Balamurugan K, Rajaram R, Ramasami T. Apoptosis of lymphocytes in the presence of Cr (V) complexes: role in Cr (VI)-induced toxicity. Biochem Biophys Res Com. 2001; 285(5): 1354-1360. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  14. Wang XF, Xing ML, Shen Y, Zhu X, Xu LH. Oral administration of Cr (VI) induced oxidative stress, DNA damage and apoptotic cell death in mice. Toxicology. 2006; 228(1): 16-23. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  15. Lei T, He QY, Cai Z, Zhou Y, Wang YL, Si LS, Cai Z, Chiu JF. Proteomic analysis of chromium cytotoxicity in cultured rat lung epithelial cells. Proteomics. 2008; 8(12): 2420-2429. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  16. Myers JM, Antholine WE, Myers CR. Hexavalent chromium causes the oxidation of thioredoxin in human bronchial epithelial cells. Toxicology. 2008; 246(2-3): 222-233. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  17. Barceloux DG. Chromium. Clin Toxicol. 1999; 37: 173-194. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  18. Eder K, Kralik A, Kirchgessner M. Influence of deficient to subtoxic selenium intake on metabolism of thyroid hormones. Zeitschrift für Ernährungswissenschaft. 1995; 34(4): 277-283. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  19. Hoffman DJ. Role of selenium toxicity and oxidative stress in aquatic birds. Aquat Toxicol. 2002; 57(1-2): 11-26. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  20. Vutukuru SS. Acute effects of hexavalent chromium on survival oxygen consumption hematological parameters and some biochemical profiles of Indian major carp, Labeo rohita. Int J Res Public Health. 2005; 2(3): 456-462. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  21. Shrivastava R, Srivastava S, Upreti RK, Chaturvedi UC. Effects of dengue virus infection on peripheral blood cells of mice exposed to hexavalent chromium with drinking water. Indian J Med Res. 2005; 122(2): 111-119. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  22. Lewalter J, Korallu U, Hardorf C, Weidmann H. Chromium bound detection in isolated erythrocytes: a new principle of biological monitoring of exposure to hexavalent chromium. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 1985; 55(4): 305-318. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  23. Minoia C, Cavalleri A. Chromium in urine, serum and red blood cells in the biological monitoring of workers exposed to different chromium valency states. Sci Total Environ. 1988; 71(3): 323-327. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  24. Stridsklev IC, Schaller KH, Langard S. Monitoring of chromium and nickel in biological fluids of stainless steel welders using the flux-cored-wire (FCW) welding method. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2004; 77(8): 587-591. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  25. De Flora S, D’Agostini F, Balansky R, Micale R, Baluce B, Izzotti A. Lack of genotoxic effects in hematopoietic and gastrointestinal cells of mice receiving chromium (VI) with the drinking water. Mutat Res. 2008; 659(1-2): 60-67. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  26. Kuykendall JR, Miller KL, Mellinger KN, Cain AV. Waterborne and dietary hexavalent chromium exposure causes DNA - protein crosslink (DPX) formation in erythrocytes of largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides. Aquat Toxicol. 2006; 78(1): 27-31. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  27. Burden VM, Sandheinrich MB, Caldwell CA. Effects of lead on the growth and delta-aminolevulinic acid deshydratase activity of juvenile rainbow trout. Oncorhynchus mykiss. Environ Pollut. 1998; 101(2): 285-289. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  28. Gurer H, Ozgune H, Neal R, Spitz DR, Erçal N. Antioxidant effects of N-acetylcysteine and succimer in red blood cells from lead-exposed rats. Toxicology. 1998; 128(3): 181-189. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  29. Paustenbach DJ, Finley BL, Mowat FS, Kerger BD. Human health risk and exposure assessment of chromium (VI) in tap water. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2003; 66(14): 1295-1339. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  30. Steinhagen D, Helmus T, Maurer S, Dinakaran Michael R, Leibold W, Scharsack JP, Skouras A, Schuberth HJ. Effect of hexavalent carcinogenic chromium on carp cyprinus carpio immune cells. Dis Aquat Org. 2004; 62: 155-161. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  31. Arunkumar RI, Rajasekaran P, Michael RD. Differential effect of chromium compounds on the immune response of the African mouth breeder Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2000; 10: 667-676. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  32. Lukanova A, Toniolo P, Zhitkovich A, Nikolova V, Panev T, Popov T, Taioli E, Costa M. Occupational exposure to Cr (VI): comparison between chromium levels in lymphocytes, erythrocytes, and urine. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 1996; 69(1): 39-44. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  33. VK Raghunathan,Ellis EM, Grant MH. Response to chronic exposure to hexavalent chromium in human monocytes. Toxicol In Vitro. 2009; 23(4): 647-652. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  34. Geetha S, Singh V, Ram MS, IIavazhagan G, Banerjee PK, Sawhney RC. Immunomodulatory effects of seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) against chromium (VI) induced immunosuppression. Mol Cell Biochem. 2005; 278(1-2): 101-109. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  35. Gao M, Binks SP, Chipman JK, Levy LS, Braithwaite RA, Brown SS. Induction of DNA strand breaks in peripheral lymphocytes by soluble chromium compounds. Hum Exp Toxicol. 1992; 11: 77-82. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  36. Coogan TP, Snyder MCA, Squib KS, Costa M, Differential DNA-protein crosslinking in lymphocytes and liver following chronic drinking water exposure of rats to potassium chromate. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 1991; 109: 60-72. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  37. Taiola E, Zhitkovich A, Kinney P, Udasin I, Toniolo P, Costa M. Increased DNA-protein crosslinks in lymphocytes of residents living in chromium-contaminated areas. Biol trace Elem Res. 1995; 50(3): 175-180. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  38. Asiak JB, Kowalik J. A comparison of the in vitro genotoxicity of tri- and hexavalent chromium. Gen Toxicol Environ Mut. 2000; 469: 135-145. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  39. Geetha S, Sai Ram M, Singh V, Ilavazhagan G, Sawhney RC. Anti-oxidant and immunomodulatory properties of seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides): an-in vitro study. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002; 79: 373-378. [Google Scholar]
  40. Cohen MD, Zelikoff JT, Chen LC, Schlesinger RB. Immunotoxicologic effects of inhaled chromium: role of particle solubility and co-exposure to ozone. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 1998; 152(1): 30-40. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  41. Raghunathan VK, Tettey JN, Ellis EM, Grant MH. Comparative chronic in vitro toxicity of hexavalent chromium to osteoblasts and monocytes. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2009; 88(2): 543-550. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  42. Lee SH, Brenan R, Jacobs JJ, Urban RM, Ragasa DR, Glant TT. Human monocyte/macrophage response to cobalt-chromium corrosion products and titanium particles in patients with total joint replacements. J Orthop Res. 1997; 15(1): 40-49. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  43. Wang JY, Wicklund BH, Gustilo RB, Tsukayama DT. Titanium, chromium and cobalt ions modulate the release of bone-associated cytokines by human monocytes/macrophages in vitro. Biomaterials. 1996; 17(23): 2233-2240. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  44. Santos FW, Zeni G., Rocha JBT, do Nascimento PC, Marques MS, Nogueira CW. Efficacy of 2, 3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonic acid (DMPS) and diphenyl diselenide on cadmium induced testicular damage in mice. Food Chem Toxicol. 2005; 43: 1723-1730. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  45. Sugawara N, Hirohata Y, Sugawara C. Testicular dysfunction induced by cadmium and its improvement caused by selenium in the mouse. J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol. 1989; 9(1): 53-64. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  46. Yiin SJ, Cem CL, Sheu JY, Lin TH. Cadmium-induced liver, heart and spleen lipid peroxidation in rats and protection by selenium. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2000; 78(1-3): 219-230. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  47. Chen RW, Lacy VL, Whanger PD. Effect of selenium on methyl mercury binding to subcellular and soluble proteins in rat tissues. Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol. 1975; 12: 55-65. [Google Scholar]